The Circuit Court is the trial court with the broadest powers in Virginia. The Circuit Court handles all civil cases with claims of more than $15,000.
The General District Court handles traffic violations, misdemeanors, and conducts preliminary hearings for felony charges. General District Courts have exclusive jurisdiction over any claim not exceeding $4,500, excluding interest and attorney's fees.
In Virginia, a juvenile is any person under 18 years of age. The Juvenile and Domestic Relations District Court hears all matters involving juveniles such as criminal or traffic matters.